The Muslin renaissance in the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent in the first half of twentieth century was primarily inspired and activated by Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal. Dr. Iqbal, through his poetic vision and political insight, as reflected in his writings, speeches, and political works, elaborated for the Indian Muslims a political ideology which could form the basis for a separate Muslim State later to be known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
Sir Muhammad Iqbal is generalky credited with initiating the idea of separation. There were people before him who advocated partition of the subcontinent between the Hindu and Muslims e.g. in 1920 Muhammad Abdul Qadir Bilgrami in 1923 Sardar Gul Khan, and in 1924 Lala Lajpat Rai suggested the partition.