Importance of Fundamental Rights

The importance of Fundamental Rights is, indeed, very great. Historically, they arise from a persistent belief that the State ought to guarantee to the individuals the enjoyment of a certain basic human rights, which constitute the essential conditions of good life and happiness. Hence they are guaranteed by the constitution and protected by the judiciary.

No doubt, constitutional safeguards may not, in the last resort, guarantee the citizens or a section of them their Fundamental rights, e.g., the Muslims in India do not enjoy them. In spite of this they are the most enforceable rights of man. They are a visible manifestation of the nation’s faith in the worth and value of man, in his life, liberty and happiness. Further, they declare that a certain sphere of individual’s life is free from governmental interference.

Lastly, the declaration of Fundamental Rights of the minorities creates a sense of security in the minds of these minorities. The national solidarity, unity and progress of such countries depend upon the peace of mind, loyalty, and happiness of their minorities. By granting to the minorities, the fundamental and constitutional rights of religion, culture, language, etc., the national aims of unity and loyalty in a State are achieved best.