Pakistan is an agriculture economy that’s why agriculture grains are more important than other sector. Agriculture not only feeds people but also provides raw material and base of foreign trade.
Total land area in Pakistan is around 803,940 square kilometers. 60 percent is unusable for agriculture and forest due to desert, mountain and urban areas. Around 70 percent crop area in Punjab, 20 percent in Sindh, 10 percent in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and 1 percent in Baluchistan.
According to United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization data Pakistan is one the largest producers and exporter of major crops. It shows that Pakistan is world’s second largest producer and suppliers of chickpea, fourth in apricot, fourth in cotton, fourth in sugarcane, fifth in milk, fifty in onion, sixth in date palm, seventh in mango, eighth in tangerines, mandarin oranges, Clementine, eighth in rice, ninth in wheat and tenth in oranges.
The most important crops of Pakistan is rice, wheat, cotton and sugarcane that’s why total crops out 75 percent accounted for wheat. In 2005 Pakistan produced more than Africa (20,304,585 metric tons) and last year produced (24,557,784 metric tons) which is more than South America. The main reason is that Pakistan has four type of season’s summer, winter, spring and autumn that are good for growing different crops.
On the other hand Pakistan different crops like cotton and rice production capacity is much lesser from both India and china according to acre. It means that Pakistan farmers could not compete from other countries farmers.
Government is trying hard to increase the production capacity but first we should concentrate on acre wise production. There are 3 main basic reasons of lesser production seeds, fertilizer and agriculture medicines.
By Talha Pasha