Pakistan joined SEATO (South East Asian Treaty Organization) in 1954 and CENTO (Central Treaty Organization) in 1955. In 1959, Pakistan and US sigend a Defence Pact in which the latter guaranteed the security of Pakistan in the event of a communist attack.
Pakistan’s inclusion in western alliance system offended, India, Afghanistan, Soviet Union and Egypt. Pakistan was termed as a ‘US protege’ during the period of alliances. Pakistani Prime Minister Hussain Shaheed Shorwardhi was so overwhelmed that he declared Pakistan to be the ‘most allied ally’ of the United States.
Pakistan received substantial economic and military assistance from the US. Pakistan tried to modernize its military with the western existing. However, Pakistan could not achieve its main objective i.e., security by joining this alliance system,